The lion population in Uganda is deteriorating due to human-lion conflict in and around Protected Areas. Queen Elizabeth National Park is an important stronghold for Uganda’s remaining lions, providing a home to an estimated 144 of the 408 lions in the area. However, lions in the Park are threatened by retaliatory killing by local pastoralists who live in villages inside the Park. Entire lion prides are killed as either retaliatory persecution or for prevention.
Lions are important to both Uganda’s national heritage and economy as major eco tourist attractions and, if not stopped, these activities by pastoralists will bring local lion populations to near extinction.
The project aims to reduce the number of both livestock depredation by lions, and of lions persecuted in the four enclave villages. Additionally, by involving the local community, the goal is to strengthen the relationship between local communities and the Protected Area.
20 community scouts will be recruited and trained from the four pastoral communities where human-lion conflict is most prevalent. They will be deployed to watch livestock when lions are more active, and report any lion presence in the vicinity. In order to achieve this, they will be given literacy training.
Fighting against lion persecution in Queen Elizabeth National Park