Photo Credit: Desert Lion Conservation

Preventing and mitigating human-lion conflict in the Kunene Region


Conservation problem
Since 2000, humans have accounted for accounted for 80% of adult lion mortalities and 100% of non-cub lion mortalities,  resulting in a total lion population decrease of 43% in the region. Predators account for almost 20% of cattle lost, and such losses can have transgenerational effects on livelihoods. As such, human-lion conflict is the number one cause in lion mortality, and such retaliatory killings are an important challenge facing this population.

Pastoralism is the primary sustenance activity throughout much of arid and semi-arid Africa. If lions and subsistence pastoralists are unable to coexist, lions will likely continue to disappear.

Project objectives
The expected results of the project are:

  • 90% reduction of lions lost to human-lion conflict and 50% reduction in livestock loss to lions;
  • To create a group of local representatives in charge of developing policy and employing a responsive and adaptable style of management.

Project activities
In order to carry out a sustainable, community-centred conservation strategy, this project will:

  • Conduct activities aimed at stopping human-lion conflicts, such as informing farmers of lion movements, assisting them in herding cattle to safety and intervening to move lions out of populated areas;
  • Obtain better information concerning lion movements by placing collars on lion populations to allow tracking;
  • Meet with affected community members and train Lion Rangers in order to empower local people to serve as effective community scouts for lions on communal land.

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