Photo Credit: Vince Duperron

Strengthening livelihoods to decrease human-wildlife conflict



Cheetah populations have declined around 90% over the last century; habitat loss, decreasing prey populations and human-wildlife conflict having contributed to their decrease. 20% of the world’s remaining cheetahs live in Botswana outside of protected areas, where human-wildlife conflict impacts both cheetah populations and local communities. The continued survival of cheetah populations and of other threatened carnivores depends on the local community’s attitudes and their ability to maintain their livelihoods while sharing the land with wildlife.


  • Empower the local community with increased skill sets and diversified livelihoods for 10% of community members, which will take the pressure off of human-wildlife conflicts;
  • Improve the farming methods as well as the tolerance towards carnivores of 75% of farmers;
  • Succeed in having 75% of students from local schools demonstrate responsibility towards the environment.


  • Strengthen the local community’s income by identifying sustainable livelihood opportunities, developing an ecotourism route that will benefit them, and providing arts and crafts skill training;
  • Develop sustainable farming techniques by conducting training workshops, establishing a peer-to-peer learning network, providing farmers with trained guarding dogs and carrying out best practice competitions;
  • Increasing engagement and awareness by visiting schools, engaging with students about environmental issues, and invite youth groups to Bush Camps.

This project is a part of the IUCN SOS African Wildlife initiative, which is funded by the European Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG Devco) through its B4Life initiative.

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